Tramway between Vence and Cagne-sur-Mer (Chemins de Fer de Provence 17)

Work to construct a 12 kilometre tramway to Vence from the coast started in 1907. There were some problems during the construction of the Malvan viaduct and also some legal and political problems. These factors delayed the commissioning of the line until 30th December 1911. It was an expensive line to build and maintain.

The line approached Vence from the south along Avenue Colonel Mayere, and entered the old town. It followed Avenue Marcellin Maurel around the immediate Old Town.  Old cartes postales show the tram station on Avenue de la Republique, the Place Nationale and Avenue de la Gare. Interpreting these pictures suggests that they are taken in what is now called La Place du Grande Jardin in Vence.

The pink line on the Google Earth screenshot above is the route of the Chemins de Fer du Sud Central-Var Line through Vence and the blue line shows the location of the tramway on the Cartes Postales. I have yet to find evidence confirms conclusively the alignment of the TAM tramway beyond the Place de la Republique, but there is evidence of a right-angle connect ion to a wagon turntable in the pictures of the Station. Hence the blue line approaches the pink line at right-angles above.

The Malvan Viaduct between Vence and St. Paul de Vence took its name from the river between the two villages. Construction took 4 years. It was of traditional masonry constriction and can be seen in all three of the following photos.

In 1924, an accident which left 17 wounded led to a growing distrust  in the tramway as a means of transport. After just 13 years of operation people were suggesting that the line was unsafe and aging. However, the line remained in favour with many travellers and even withstood the first wave of line closures between 1929 and 1931. It did not last long! The formal closure took place on 31st December 1932. The last tram used the line on 4th January 1933.

The viaduct was destroyed in WW11 and little remains … just the abutments!

The carte postale below shows the tramway station for St. Paul de Vence. The colour pictures show a viaduct that is one of the few remaining vestiges of the line. The second of these is cropped from a screenshot from Google Streetview. This short viaduct sits a!ongside the road from St. Paul to La Colle. The monochrome picture below it shows a similar viaduct closer to St. Paul de Vence which I believe is no lon A length of the line can also be picked out (to the right-hand edge of the picture and running close to the road).

The line crossed another low viaduct before approaching the station at La Colle sur Loup. I could not did this viaduct and it appears that it has been swallowed up by earthworks for the modern day road.

The station at La College is similar in construction to that at St. Paul. Much of the building still remains as can be seen in the photos below. The largest of these images was taken in 2021 by Richard Bird.

20211008_130159r After La Colle, the tramway followed the Avenue de la Colle south towards the coast and met the Grasse to Cagne-sur-Mer tramway in Villeneuve-Loubet.

The route then continued along the Avenue de Grasse into Cagne. The terminus of the line was at the south-east end of the Avenue de Grasse. I believe that the more modern buildings in the next photograph were built on what was the tramway terminus.

Cagne-sur-Mer Tramway station is shown in the following images ……

And finally a small bonus for persisting to the end of this post ….

The tram from Vence to Cagne is the main actor of the final scene of one of Jean Renoir’s first films, “Catherine ou une vie sans joie”.

The last 12 minutes or so of the film show the tramway. The full film can be seen on this link:

It is really interesting to note the condition of the road and tramway between Vence and Cagnes in 1924!

10 thoughts on “Tramway between Vence and Cagne-sur-Mer (Chemins de Fer de Provence 17)

  1. Pingback: Ligne de Central Var – Part 3 (Chemins de Fer de Provence 18) | Roger Farnworth

  2. Pingback: The Network of the Tramways of Nice and the Littoral (Chemins de Fer de Provence 53) | Roger Farnworth

  3. Richard Bird

    So delighted to find this! I have been doing my own researches on local tramways here with a friend, and wish I had come across your work earlier. Let me know if you would like a copy of my study.

    1. rogerfarnworth Post author

      Hi Richard
      Thank you for your kind offer. Yes, please would you let me have a copy. I have missed my annual trips to the area around Nice over the past few years!
      Best wishes

      1. All about everything

        Hello Roger
        Not sure if I can send largeish Word files via wordpress.
        Could you send me an email from your personal email address so I can send them to you?

  4. Manfred Gahr

    Hello Roger,
    thanks for this interesting post! German by origin, I live in Vence since 1999 and was delighted to find some information about this old tram line, which put me into heavy daydreaming mode. Unfortunately the video is no longer available on Youtube, but we found the entire film and watched it yesterday evening. It was a lot of fun, seeing Varance as it was 100 years ago and the dramatic story.
    I am glad I was not a stockholder of this tram! Must have cost an insane amount of money and well – I am afraid the ROI was not very high…
    If you ever visit the area again, you are welcome to get in contact with me for a drink.
    Kind Regards, Manfred

      1. Manfred Gahr

        Hello Roger, here is the link that we used to watch the entire film:

        Wow, if you see the installation of the rails, it is a sheer wonder the tram did not derail more often. And the “comfort” of the wagons… I do understand they preferred the bus pretty soon.

    1. Richard Bird

      Hello Manfred. I live in Tourrettes. It would be great to get in touch one day. I am contactable on 06 67 82 59 36. Best, Richard (Apology if this a duplicate message, WordPress is making problems!)

      1. Manfred Gahr

        Hi Richard, I walk my dog frequently in Tourrettes. Will send you a SMS and maybe we’ll have a drink together? Manfred

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