Nairobi is a city that was created by the Uganda Railway! There was nothing on the site of the present capital city of Kenya before railway construction started in the last years of the 19th Century.The first two shots show the location as the settlement was beginning to grow.Train leaving Nairobi for Mombasa in 1900.Nairobi Railway Station in the early 1900s.
Nairobi was founded in 1899 by the colonial authorities in British East Africa, as a rail depot on the Uganda Railway. The town quickly grew to replace Machakos as the capital of Kenya in 1907. After independence in 1963, Nairobi became the capital of the Republic of Kenya. During Kenya’s colonial period, the city became a centre for the colony’s coffee, tea and sisal industry.
The city lies on the River Athi in the southern part of the country, and has an elevation of 1,795 metres (5,889 ft) above sea level.
The present station is utilitarian and functional and shows none of the colonial splendour of some Indian railway stations.Class 58 Garratt ready to leave Nairobi Station for Mombasa (1955). East African Railways Class59 class 4-8-2+2-8-4, No. 5910 “Mount Hanang,” oil fired, weighing in at 251t with a tractive effort of 83,350lbs, is shown in the two pictures above arriving in Nairobi with a goods train from Mombasa in 1970.
An interesting project saw officially sanctioned graffiti replacing unauthorised graffiti. Trains had been badly disfigured but of greater significance was the fact that in the days around elections in 2007, the balloting ignited deadly ethnic tensions. Weeks of violence left more than a 1,000 people dead and hundreds of thousands of Kenyans were left homeless. The ethnic tension was particularly toxic in the Kibera, one of the largest slums in Africa, in the heart of Nairobi. It is the focal point of rival ethnicity and unemployed youth.
Hoping to avoid a repeat of that violence in the election process in 2013, a Brooklyn artist and educator Joe Bergner launched a project that used graffiti art to encourage peace and unity against ethnicity and political groups.
The project is called ‘Kibera Walls for Peace’. Peace murals were painted by local youth around Kibera. The project approached and worked with Rift Valley Railways to use the commuter trains as a canvas to spread peace messages and togetherness. The railways had been a major target in the previous post-election violence, especially the route through Kibera. In 2007, mobs of young people tore up the train tracks that connect Kenya and Uganda and sold them for scrap metal.
The idea of having graffiti artists come on board to spray the 10 coaches of a commuter train was an idea well received, since most of the Kibera dwellers use the commuter train to and from work. It’s their main means of transport. The train travels through the massive Nairobi slum of Kibera advertising peace. A portrait of Martin Luther King Jnr and the Kenyan flag grace the last coach. The message reads from the front to the back and looks like a sentence that’s beautifully crafted. Tuwache ukabila…tuwache ubaguzi…tuishi kwa amani.
Freight and Goods Sidings
These next few pictures cover the good sidings adjacent to the station.
Class 31 No. 3143 ‘Somal’ heads a freight through Nairobi Yard. Note the lower quadrant signals: up country the norm was a 3 aspect upper quadrant signal – vertical, line clear; 45 degree, caution; horizontal, stop. © Anthony Potterton.A Class 60 Garratt with name plates removed pauses in Nairobi. © Kevin Patience.Another Class 60 heads a freight out of Nairobi Yard for the Nanyuki Branch, © James Waite.
In Steam days ……EAR Garratt at works entrance, Nairobi Sep 1977, © Whiteflyman.EAR Class 60 Garratt 6008, Nairobi MPD, Sep 1977, © Whiteflyman.Staff at Nairobi MPD on the occasion of Princess Margaret’s visit in 1956. Class 31 No. 3105 ‘Bagisu’ has just been out-shopped, © Anthony Potterton. Class 59 Garratt 4-8-2+2-8-4 No. 5912 ‘Mount Oldeani’ is flanked by two unidentified 4-8-4T Class 13 tank engines. When supplied in 1953 the Class 13 were 4-8-2Ts but when the side tanks were later extended, the wheel arrangement was changed to 4-8-4T, © Anthony Potterton.East African Railways and Harbours Locomotive Class 55 Garratt, wheel arrangement: 4-8-2 + 2-8-4 No. 5510 on shed at Nairobi in August 1977, © Mike Morant. 5919 ‘Mount Lengai’ at Nairobi Shed, © James Waite. No. 5934 ‘Menengai Crater’ accompanies Tribal Class 31 No. 3132 ‘Kumam’, © James Waite.East African Railways 2-8-4 No.3143 ‘Somal’ (VF 6228/1955) on shed at Nairobi on 17 November 1976, in company with 4-8-2+2-8-4 Garratt No.5919 ‘Mt Lengai’ (BP 7650/1955), © Bingley Hall.  No. 5928 ‘Mount Mount Kilimanjaro’ reverses out of the shed past No. 5914 ‘Mount Londiani,’ © James Waite. No. 5912 ‘Mount Oldeani’ on the fuelling road at Nairobi MPD, © James Waite. No. 5904 ‘Mount Elgon’ with No. 5912 ‘Mount Oldeani’ still in the shed, © James Waite. Nairobi Shed in the lengthening shadows of the rapidly setting sun in 1975. A Class 13 4-8-4T with a Class 31 and two Class 11 tank engines in the background, © Anthony Potterton. October 1962, a Class 59 No. 5928 ‘Mount Kilimanjaro’ with an unidentified member of Class 60 on the left, and a Class 58 on the right, © Malcolm McCrow. Nairobi Shed from the Mombasa line – left to right are a Class 60, two Class 59s, a Class 31, a Class 59 and another Class 60, © Anthony Potterton.Line-up of East African Railways motive power at Nairobi MPD with Class 60 Garratt 6024 Sir James Hayes Saddler prominent left and Class 57/58 right. Five Class 59 Garratts, two Class 29 (Tribal) and two tank engines are also quite clearly discernable. The post card was probably produced around 1955-6, © EAR&H. The approaches to Nairobi from Mombasa. The raised tracks were a favourite photo location where many an EAR&H locomotive posed for a publicity photograph. But by the mid seventies it was a dismal sight for the steam enthusiast with over a dozen boilers from once mighty maroon giants littering the approaches to the steam shed. A new diesel depot had been built at Makadara. The narrow metre gauge track is very evident. The loading gauge however was in excess of British Railways standard gauge, © Anthony Potterton.
Nairobi Railway Museum
I visited Nairobi Railway Museum in 1994. It was in a relatively run-down state and many of the locomotives stored there were rusting away. These next 13 pictures are from 1994 and were taken as slides. The quality is not good but the ability to wander around next to some of the remaining Beyer Garratt locomotives was an experience to remember. The Museum has change a bit since 1994, and there are now even some of these machines back in steam on the railways in Kenya.Class 59 Garratt No. 5918 ‘Mt Gelai’ in Steam in 2004.
And finally ….. a drone’s eye view of the Museum in the 21st Century!
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